General Features·Bright 5" Color TFT Display w/ 800 x 480 Resolution·LP-700 has a larger enclosure and a 7" Display, otherwise the two meters are the same.·32-bit Main Processor·Touchscreen controls of all functions, plus physical switches for the six main function keys·Graphics and Audio coprocessors·(8) 16-bit / 200 ksps ADCs with Adjustable Oversampling·Low Distortion Proprietary Custom Digital Test Signals to Aid in Rig & Amplifier Adjustments using WFM and Spectrum Displays.·Distinctive Aural/Visual Alarms for Each Channel for both Power and SWR.·Native USB Interface - No Drivers Needed(not needed for normal operation)·Flash Upgrade-able·Includes Windows based "VM" (Virtual Meter) software which allows computer control and monitoring of the LP-500 locally, or remotely using RDP or a USB Device Server.·Fast Screen Refresh·12VDC Operation / 800 mA maximum.·Interface to Rig is Through Remotable RF Couplers using CAT5/6 cable of any practical length.·Provides Extensive Information About the Quality of Your Transmissions·Size: LP-500: 9.125"W x 6.1"D x 4.88"H (23.2cm x 15.5cm x 12.4cm) LP-700: 10.125"W x 6.1"D x 5.63"H (25.7cm x 15.5cm x 14.3cm)Watt / SWR Meter Features·Couplers for HF, VHF, UHF... Power up to 10KW(VHF / UHF available soon)·Up to 4 Couplers with Simultaneous Sampling & Auto-Ranging·NIST Traceable Calibration·Large Numerals for Power and SWR at a Glance·Simultaneous Bargraphs for Instantaneous Peak Pwr, Average Pwr & SWR·Sticky" bar displays highest peaks in all modes·Flexible Multi-Channel SWR & Power Alarms w/ Adjustable Set Points·SWR Protection Relay Jacks for 2 Amplifiers·Optical Encoder Adjusts Averaging Time (Fast, Medium, Slow)Waveform Monitor Scope Features·Full screen Waveform, Trapezoid & Scope Displays(Trapezoid requires two couplers)·Adjustable Sweep and Trigger with Memory·5 Presets for SSB, CW, PSK plus 3 User Selections·10 Vertical Scales per Channel with Memory·Multiple "Split-Screen" Displays with Combinations of Waveform, Power/SWR, Trapezoid and AM Modulation (w/ Bargraphs/Readouts for Positive & Negative Peaks)·Touch Screen Cursors for Measuring Time Intervals & Levels·Adjustable Peak Markers to Show Preset Power Limits·Freeze Button to Facilitate Touch Screen Measurements·Optical Encoder for Adjusting User Sweep Presets and Trapezoid Horizontal Gain (Width).Spectrum Display Features·Displays Modulation Spectrum of Transmitted Signal, as sampled by the coupler *·Adjustable Span & Averaging·Linear and Log Frequency Scales·Adjustable Vertical Reference with +65, +55 & +45 dBm Full Scale·18 bits Effective Resolution·Up to 80 dB Measurement Range·Touch Screen Cursors for Measuring Frequencies & Levels·Adjustable Peak Level Marker* The Spectrum display does not sample RF directly, so results cannot be compared directly to an RF spectrum analyzer. Useful comparative measurements can be made, however. Because the couplers employ diode envelope detectors, signals without a carrier would normally be distorted during demodulation. To account for this, we provide special test signals for these modes which add subcarriers to simulate the existence of a carrier. See usage guidelines in the User Guide for more details. While the LP-100A couplers look similar to the LP-500 couplers, they are completely different and are therefore not compatible.Important notice for LP-100A owners: LP-500 will not replace the LP-100A. The LP-100A will continue with some important features not provided in the LP-500.Specifications… (with LPC-501 coupler) Subject to change without notice.GeneralPower Range0.1W to 3KW PEP (1500W Average)Absolute Power Accuracy+/- 5% at 7 MHz, 10 to 1500W.FlatnessBetter than +/- 3% from 1.8 to 54 MHz (+/- 1% typical from 1.8 to 30 MHz)Directivity>30 dB, 1.8 to 54 MHzReturn Loss>30 dB, 1.8 to 54 MHzSWR Range1.00 to 9.99SWR Accuracy~5%Bar Graph Resolution600 steps for each range, Manual or Auto-RangingNumber of Channel8 simultaneous (FWD & REF power for 4 couplers)Channel Balance+/- 0.1%MemoriesRange & Alarm settings are saved per channel Channel settings are saved per modeA/D Converter16-bit / 200ksps, plus oversampling (2X to 16X).DAC Resolution18-bit, 96 dB SNRScreen Refresh5 Hz to 70 Hz, depending on mode, sweep/span settings.Sampling Rate2.5k to 80 ksps, depending on mode, sweep/span settings.Display Resolution800 x 480 pixels (WVGA)Display TypeTFT with White LED BacklightDisplay SizeLP-500: 5" Diagonal, LP700: 7" DiagonalTest Tone Output250 ohms, 350-500mVpp, unbalanced, 0.01% THD into 10K loadPower Requirements12-16VDC @ 800 mA maximumScopeSweep Rate 1.0 to 20.0 ms/division in 0.1 ms steps Factory Presets and 3 User Adjustable PresetsDisplay Modes7, including 4 split screensTrigger ModesNormal, Plus, Minus, Plus/Minus, Free RunningAM Modulation % 0 to 150, positive. 0 to 100 negativeCursors2, measuring peak voltage and time (ms)Markers1 or 2, adjustable to show preset power limitsSpectrumFrequency Spans2.5, 5.0 & 10.0 kHz, w/linear or log scalingSpan Multiplier5X (500 & 1000 Hz, linear) RBW1 to 20 Hz, depending on spanAveraging2X to 16XFull Scale Reference+45, +55, +65 dBmADC Dynamic Range> 90 dBCoupler Dynamic RangeUp to 80 dB, depending on modulation typeCursors2, measuring peak power (dBm) and frequency (Hz)Markers1, adjustable to show preset power limitAdditional CouplersLPC-502Range5KW PEP / 2500W averageFlatness+/- 3% from 1.8 to 54 MHz (+/- 2% typical from 1.8 to 30 MHz)Directivity>30 dB for 1.8 to 54 MHzReturn Loss>30 dB from 1.8 to 54 MHzLPC-503Range10KW PEP / 5KW AverageFlatness+/- 5% from 1.8 to 30 MHz (+/- 3% typical from 1.8 to 30 MHz)Directivity>30dB from 1.8 to 30 MHzReturn Loss>30dB from 1.8 to 30 MHzLPC-504Range3KW PEP / 1.5KW AverageFlatness+/- 1% from 144 to 148 MHzDirectivity>30dB from 144 to 148 MHzReturn Loss>30dB from 144 to 148 MHzConnections:Power: 12-16 VDC @ 800 mA maximum, center pin positive, 5.5mm OD / 2.5mm ID. The supplied cable either has a white stripe on the positive wire, or ridges on the negative wire, depending on the cable supplied. The meter has a protection diode to prevent damage in case of reverse polarity. The meter also has a built in replaceable 1A automotive type plugin fuse on the PCB for protection. We recommend a well regulated supply with a 1A to 1.5A rating. After much testing, we found an inexpensive linear (not switching) supply that is very clean. We offer these for sale for $15. An alternative is to use the accessory 12VDC jack on the rig if it can supply the current. You can also use a 12VDC power distribution strip like RigRunner connected to the main station DC supply. When sharing a power supply with the LP-500 and rig, make sure that the supply, rig and meter are all bonded together with heavy wire or copper braid. If there is any residual DC voltage on the ground lead to the meter, it can add noise to the scope displays and increase the power and SWR readings. Using a separate supply like the one mentioned above avoids the problem, but it’s still a good idea to bond all your equipment together.PTT: For older amplifiers, loop the PTT (send, amp keying) between your amplifier and rig through the LP-500 using RCA cables. Two isolated pairs of connectors are provided for connecting two amplifiers. Use either pair for either amplifier.USB 2.0: Connects to computer using standard USB cable (Type A to Type B connectors). Used for flashing firmware and interfacing to LP-500 VM and future utility program. Can be connected to USB 2.0 or 3.0 jacks on PC. No special drivers are necessary since the standard Windows drivers are used. Windows should automatically recognize the LP-500 as USB HID (Human Interface Device).Couplers: Connect to corresponding jacks on the coupler(s) using supplied or user provided CAT5/6 shielded Ethernet cables. Unshielded (UTP) cables are probably acceptable as well. See Fig.1 on page 3.Test Tones: Audio output for built in test tones. 3.5mm mono. Connects to the MIC or LINE input of the rig. An attenuator will be needed in the case of mic input, and possibly galvanic isolation (transformer). Interfaces designed for a sound card based RTTY setup can work for this. To minimize ground potential differences between the meter, rig and power supplies, it is recommended that they all be bonded together with heavy wire or copper braid. This will minimize pickup of noise on the test signal displays. Line Level… Most rigs have a high Z (10K) line input designed for sound card based digital modes. These inputs work well for the LP-500 test tones. One some rigs they are labeled as line inputs, and have dedicated RCA or 1/8” (3.5mm) jacks. On some rigs they are part of an ACCessory jack or a DATA jack. These are generally DIN type connectors. Consult your user manual for specifics.Mic Level… There are some inexpensive “sound card” interfaces available to converting line level outputs to mic level rig inputs, with level adjustment and isolation. Devices in this category include the W2IHY iBox, RigBlaster Nomic ($60USD) and several interfaces from MFJ, like the MFJ-1273 and -1275 series. I have tested these and found that they can provide proper levels to the rig mic jack, and minimize the effects of multiple ground returns. These devices do not utilize magnetically shielded transformers, so it is important to not place them near power supplies with large transformers. We will be publishing a help file on the LP-500 web page detailing methods to avoid pickup of these signals. In the meantime, you can check out the discussion “clean up 2 tone signal” on the LP-500 User Group or extensive info published by Jim Brown, K9YC,http://audiosystemsgroup.com/HamInterfacing.pdfCreating your own test tones... In addition to the built in tones, you can create your own tones and save them to the micro SD card inside the LP-500. The card uses the FAT16 file format, and the files must be named USER0001.wav through USER0004.wav. The wave format should be 16-bit, 44.1 kHz sampling rate. Remove the card and plug it into a PC to save the new files. It's located on the audio daughter card near the test tone output jack. The files can be any valid wave file, including voice.